2018-03-25 最新消息

2018年3月22日馬爾地夫解除為期45天緊急狀態!

http://www.presidencymaldives.gov.mv/Index.aspx?lid=11&dcid=18932

今天,阿卜杜勒·亞米恩·阿卜杜勒·加堯姆總統根據馬爾地夫共和國憲法授予他的權力解除了緊急狀態。宣佈緊急狀態促成了憲法危機由兩位最高法院的法官與政治角色合謀違反憲法和法律規範標準和實踐以非法推翻合法政府,其行為對國家安全構成了一個迫在眉睫的威脅。緊急狀態在45天之後被取消。

在總檢察長辦公室的指導下,馬爾地夫員警部門已能夠在調查與憲法危機有關的腐敗和其他罪行方面取得重大進展。總檢察長于2018年3月20日發表聲明,概述了她的辦公室目前就馬爾地夫員警服務提交的檔提出的指控。 在緊急狀態下採取的行動之後,所有的憲法都以其全部的權力和權威建立了獨立的水準問責制機構。國家的三個分支保持獨立,憲法的制約和平衡得到保障。儘管對國家安全的威脅仍然在減少,因為國家現在可以繼續不遭受進一步的損失,並且在安全服務的建議和努力促進正常的情況下,總統決定解除緊急狀態。

由於國家安全原因,總統頒佈了2018年2月5日發佈的總統令(第201 /3號),宣佈進入緊急狀態。它是在2018年2月20日通過議會決議延長30天的,只適用於正在調查與憲法危機有關的罪行的人。最高法院於2018年2月26日作出決定,認為這一延長是有效的。

President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom today lifted the State of Emergency under the powers granted to him by the Constitution of the Republic of Maldives. The announcement of a State of Emergency was precipitated by a Constitutional Crisis created by two Justices of the Supreme Court who conspired with political actors to violate both the Constitution and standard legal norms and practices in order to illegally overthrow a lawful Government, and whose actions constituted an imminent threat to national security. The State of Emergency was annulled after a period of 45 days. The Maldives Police Service, under the guidance of the Office of the Prosecutor General, has been able to progress substantially into their investigation of corruption and other crimes relating to the Constitutional Crisis. The Prosecutor General issued a statement on 20 March 2018 outlining the charges that have now been filed by her Office regarding the submissions by the Maldives Police Service to date.

Following the actions taken under the State of Emergency, all constitutionally created independent institutions of horizontal accountability function with their full powers and authority. The three branches of the State remain independent and the checks and balances enshrined the Constitution are safeguarded. Though there still exists a diminished threat to national security, because the nation can now continue without further losses incurred, and upon the advice of the Security Services and in an effort to promote normalcy, the President has decided to lift the State of Emergency. The State of Emergency was declared by a Presidential Decree (No. 2018/3) issued on 5 February 2018 for national security reasons. It was extended via a resolution of the Parliament on 20 February 2018 for a period of 30 days, applicable only to those under investigation for crimes relating to the Constitutional Crisis. This extension was deemed valid by a decision of the Supreme Court on 26 February 2018.


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